The journey of Skill Development Policy in India. (From 2010-2020).
During 2010, MORD and several State Vocational Training Departments used to conduct ' Skill Training'. In southern states, it was more of 'IT training, ITES training, and BFSI training.
In several states, VTP was tailoring, beautician, and sales etc.
I was a part of the Journey of National Skill Development from NSDC STAR (Standard Training Assessment & Reward) to PMKVY 3.0. ( Pradhan Mantri Kaushalya Vikas Yojana)
In between this journey, there were two more schemes named PMKVY-1 and PMKVY-2.
From the policy perspective, from the learning perspective, there is a great improvement in PMKVY 3.0 from NSDC STAR.
If we study the guidelines of PMKVY 3.0, there is a great shift from a generalized approach to a more focused approach in the Policy Framework.
The best things about PMKVY 3.0 are
1) Focus on district-level implementation.
2) Placement based approach.
3) Capacity building of the stakeholders.
4) Focus on continuous monitoring.
5) Addition of an online and offline model of training.
This is a leap from the 'Output based approach' To the 'Outcome-based approach'.